Breast CancerWhat are some risk factors?
As the weather is getting warmer and we are generally getting more active, it is time for us to also kick-up our activities on the personal health front.
Did you know that there are over 100 types of cancer? According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), cancer is the second leading cause of death in this country. Over the next few months, we will cover several types of cancer, starting with breast cancer in this article.
Breast cancer is most prevalent in women.
The best way to detect it early is to have a mammogram. A mammogram is an X-ray of the breast, and it is a screening that is recommended every two years for women between 50 and 74 years old. Women younger than 50 years old should talk to their doctor to determine if this screening is needed.
What are some risk factors?
According to the CDC, risk factors for breast cancer fall into two categories – those you can change and those you cannot change.
The following table lists them.
Risks That You Cannot Change
- Getting older
- Genetic mutations
- Reproductive history (i.e. menstrual periods before age 12)
- Having dense breasts
- Personal history of breast cancer
- Family history of breast cancer
- Previous treatment using radiation therapy
- Women who took the drug diethylstilbestrol (DES)
Risks That You Can Change
- Not being physically active
- Being overweight or obese after menopause
- Taking hormones
- Reproductive history (i.e. not breastfeeding)
- Drinking alcohol